Organic Farming 101
Organic farming is gaining serious roots today (no pun intended). Dismissed as a fad until a few years ago, today environmentalists and commercial farmers alike are realizing the importance of going organic, at least where agriculture is concerned. As it were, agriculture is responsible for a massive proliferation of synthetic chemicals into the environment and the atmosphere we breathe in. The ecological footprint left behind by most agricultural practices on a global level looks quite grim. It is no wonder—and not too early—that the world has woken up en masse and is seriously considering the aftereffects of such rampant chemical usage and tightening their reins already.
In short, most global economies have decided to veer towards using more organic methods of farming. Though this cannot be done just by batting an eyelid—the entire transformation would require a complete renaissance in terms of methods and methodologies, the human and mechanical practices used and, not to forget, a humongous expense—a few practices are already being put into place. Most countries who have decided to vouch for organic farming are already incorporating these new ideals and slowly phasing out their conventional, synthetic-laden methods of agriculture.
So, what organic practices are being used? For one, the chemical fertilizers are being completely done away with. Instead of using synthetic products, the essential NPK (Nitrogen-Phosphorus-Potassium) ratio is being maintained by more nature-friendly methods such as crop rotation. Seeds that are used are completely naturally obtained—they are not treated with any kind of insecticides or fungicides to make them more productive. They are also not treated with hormones or genetically modified in order to produce “more desirable” varieties of plants. Organic farming believes that the crops must be kept as close to their natural self as possible, without tampering with them in any way.
Organic farming believes in protecting the entire ecology of the field and not just the crop that is being grown. Instead of using dangerous pesticides, pests are diverted from the fields by using more humane and environmentally-friendly ways such as using traps. A natural balance is maintained among the animals that promote the growth of the crops and those that can produce some obvious kind of harm. The same applies to weed removal practices. Organic farming abhors the use of chemical weedicides. Physical removal methods are encouraged and better cultivation methods are employed so that weeds do not occur.
The one reason why organic farming has literally blossomed in most fields around the world today is that it conserves the environment and is a huge contributor to the Go Green Movement that has hooked the world at the moment. Organic farming takes care of the water and the soil by not pumping hazardous chemicals into them. It takes care of the air as well because it avoids using any chemicals that may release toxic substances into the atmosphere. Thus, in many ways, it is beneficial to the planet, and not just the field.
With all these reasons, it is not difficult to see why organic farming has gained precedence over conventional farming practices today. Even though organic crops are more expensive than traditional crops at the moment, people are seeing the vast advantages they carry and do not mind paying a little more for this method that nature ordained us to live with.