Organic Farming Techniques
Organic farming techniques basically utilize natural resources, biological processes and modern technology along with traditional farming methods to ensure that the crops and livestock raised are totally free from synthetic chemicals and fertilizers. The study of organic farming techniques is known as agroecology. It is a vast subject and is growing rapidly around the world; therefore, there’s a lot for you to learn when it comes to organic farming techniques. As we already know, organic farming is a method of ecological sustenance; hence, the name agroecology suits the purpose. There are various organic farming techniques that you could follow to ensure the maximum utilization of the resources available.
Some of the most common organic farming techniques are crop rotation, composting, natural manures, biological systems of pest control, crop diversity and lots more. Each of these methods uses our natural surroundings to enhance productivity. To enrich the nitrogen content of the soil it is advisable to plant legumes along with other crops. If at all insects and pests are a problem, there’s no need to worry as there are various substances such as potassium bicarbonate as well as mulches that easily take care of pests, weeds and they help control diseases as well. Plant selectivity is carried out during each generation and seeds from the sturdiest and high yielding plants are selected. This method is better than using genetically modified plants. After all we want nutritious food and not just something to fill our stomach–don’t we?
One of the most notable organic farming techniques is crop diversity. In case of conventional farming just one crop is grown at a time; we often do this in our very own backyards as well. But, instead of growing just one type of crop it would be much better if you could grow different types of crops together. There are many reasons as to why you’ll need to follow these methods if you want to be successful and utilize your resources properly. Different types of plants use different nutrients from the soil, leaving the rest behind; also some plants use the nutrients from the top of the soil whereas in other plants their roots penetrate deeper inside and use nutrients below. So, when choosing which crops to grow together you’ll need to do some researches for the right mix.
Another important organic farming technique is pest control. Our farms and gardens at home are rampant with all sorts of pests, waiting for a chance to destroy our crops. Instead of using nonorganic chemicals to get rid of them, you could use any of the various organic alternatives. Some of the ways of natural pest control that are commonly applied in organic farming include:
- Encouraging certain species of pest predators that don’t damage your crops and the surroundings will really help you manage your crops.
- You could choose disease resistant plants; it would save you a lot of time and worries when it comes to pest control.
- Plant companion crops that grow in unity with your main crops and discourage pests.
These methods ensure that your crops remain healthy and at the same time the fertility of the soil is maintained as you use no chemicals at all. Organic farming techniques are very easy to implement once you know what you need and get the hang of it.