The perfect soil for organic farming is often rich in organic matter. It can thrive almost all of crop species in order to yield a bountiful harvest of food crops. Whatever type of soil to use, it is important to learn that soil land should benefit from different types of soil enrichment, such as organic fertilizers, compost material or manures of animals. Nevertheless, the fertility of the soil will determine the health of the garden. The basis for organic farming is the soil fertility.
The Basics of Soil Management
Organic gardening and farming focuses heavily on the natural decomposition of organic matter with the use of techniques such as composting and addition of green manure to refuel the soil with nutrients that are taken by previous crops that thrive in the land. With the help of microorganisms, this biological process lets the soil to produce more nutrients while propagation. Other organic farming practices like crop rotation can help enhance fertility of the soil. Through the reduction of tillage, the soil will be prevented from exposure in the air. Moreover, this process helps in sequestering carbon, thus reducing greenhouse gases in the air. It is a known fact that greenhouse gases contribute to global warming and climate change.
How Soil Management Works in Organic Farming
Food crops need nutrients like phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium, as well as other micronutrients and the symbiotic relationships with certain organisms and fungi in order to facilitate synchronization in biodiversity. However, it is quite challenging for organic farmers. On the other hand, crop rotation and the application of green manure on the soil facilitate production of nitrogen. Another method used in insect and disease control, known as intercropping, can help increase the nutrient composition of the soil provided that there is an adequate spacing of the food crops. Also, there are certain instances that the soil pH should be amended. Natural pH amendments such as sulfur and lime can be added on organic farming.
Livestocks can also be utilized in order to enhance soil nutrition. This method is called ley farming, a method in which the land obtains fertility through producing nitrogen-fixing grasses like alfalfa or white clover that yields as cash crops once fertility is being established. Moreover, the soil fertility is being maintained because of the livestocks producing fresh manures.
Nevertheless, soil management and research about soil fertility has proven to be advantageous in organic farming. A number of microorganisms help break down natural chemicals, animal waste and plant matter to produce a fertile soil. Organic farming with the use of a fertile soil will provide healthier food crops.